What Is Graphene?

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Versatile properties of graphene

Graphene is unique in a many number of ways. At one atom thick, it is the thinnest compound known to man.

At the atomic level, graphene also represents the lightest compound by weight, yet is stronger than steel by a measure of 100-300 times.

As a conductor of electricity, graphene is widely recognized as the most efficient compound with studies providing evidence of electron mobility at values of more than 15,000 cm2·V−1·s−1.

Graphene mechanical exfoliation

By compound construction, graphene is a single layer of tightly packed carbon atoms bonded together in a hexagonal honeycomb lattice. Multiple layers of graphene stacked on top of one another form the more familiar compound commonly know as graphite, a carbon compound that is as versatile as any other natural material in discovery.

Through a process of mechanical exfoliation, scientists dissected a piece of graphite, stripping it layer by layer until only a single layer remained.

A study of this single layer compound arrived upon a theory that interjecting further compounds with the single atom graphene structure in a form of atomic scaffolding would produce a limitless number of material engineering possibilities.

Engineering materials at the atomic level has provided a way for the improvement of many technical application processes, advancing sectors such as energy technology, nanotechnology, bioengineering and composite material development to a heightened level of efficiency with an advancing scope of possibility.

Graphene Applications and Uses

Uses & Applications of Graphene

Graphene's unique compound structure presents a number of industries with the potential to overcome the technical challenges faced by the limits of existing materials and manufacturing processes.

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Graphene Superconductivity

Graphene Superconductivity

Technological advancements are becoming ever more reliant on innovative materials that facilitate more efficient levels of electrical flow. Graphene is a leading candidate to replace legacy materials such as copper and steel.

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Graphene Hexagon Matrix

Graphene Lithium-Ion Battery

Incorporating graphene-lithium-ion hybrid chemistries as part of a battery structure provides a significant number of performance-enhancing benefits. At a single atom thick, graphene layering with other materials presents a new world of opportunity.

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